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My Japanese Study Materials and Reviews

Hi! This is a little list of materials that I have used throughout studying Japanese so far that I felt were useful or interesting. They range from stuff fit for beginners to stuff for advanced learners. These are just my personal recommendations and thoughts about the materials, so feel free to elaborate your own feelings about them, or provide alternate materials.
I provided links to all of the websites, and all of the books are from either the US Amazon page or Japanese Amazon page (any books that seems hard to obtain via the US amazon I posted with the Japanese Amazon) I am not recommending you buy them from Amazon if you don’t want to, but just for ease of browsing the related items, I posted those pages. I tried to list these in order of what I felt was most impactful to my Japanese learning, but just take that with a grain of salt. I’m providing a couple pictures on imgur of my books and materials, mostly as a “wow look at all of my books” boast. Shameful. There are a couple things in the pictures that are not introduced. Those are things I felt weren’t worth investing time in, after taking the picture.
Lastly, I am an iPhone user, so the apps I introduce are for iPhone. I'm sorry, android users...
If you have any questions, let me know
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Coscom Online Text
This is the main text that I used to learn Japanese. I’m surprised it's not talked about here that often. I wish I could explain all that this online-text has to offer. First things first: It’s in English, and I credit this as the main thing for helping me understand the fundamentals of Japanese grammar, as well as progressing through to intermediate. There are several “corners” within the website, from Audio and text dealing with various topics about Japan, Hiragana and Katakana exercises, Basic word lists and exercises, Frequent updates with new information, etc. The most important one though is “Building Up Conversation” Through this course of over 50 lessons, one is taken through the super basics of Japanese up to learning about the conditional form and te-form, volitional form, Expressing purpose, honorifics, expressing effort, etc etc etc I mean I can’t list them all here, but just with this course I am 100% confident you will be able to converse in Japanese. I’m not trying to sell it to you, but I urge you to at least check out the website. Cannot recommend this enough. Great for anyone from complete beginner to intermediate learner. The thing that really sold me was that it seems geared towards adults. With Genki and such it seems much more “college student” and “group-work” based, but this text is BUILT to be self-studied.
Wanikani
This is hands down the best purchase I made in my time learning Japanese thus far. A SRS system based around Kanji that introduced them through radical, then kanji, then vocabulary containing said kanji and the various readings it has. It took me 4 years to reach the final “level”, because I didn’t want to rush, and just had so much other stuff going on. But I can confidently say that this program, while only one of many (and admittedly I have only tried this method) was THE catalyst for my Japanese learning from toying around with hiragana to totally recognizing and reading kanji all over the place. Very very highly recommended. I know lots of people are all about RTK here, and I don’t have anything to say for or against that, having not done it, but I love that Wanikani taught me how to READ. (In the past year or so I’ve become comfortable reading regular novels and essays and news, and cannot express enough the joy of simply reading. I feel like I’m 6 again!)
Midori (iOS English-Japanese-English dictionary. No Android version! :( )
This dictionary continues to astound me. It often has entries that even the 大辞林 does not have! Bookmarks are a breeze, and you can see which words have been bookmarked already, can be bookmarked into multiple lists, and all of these bookmarks can be studied as flashcards, including with an SRS option. Not only these, but example sentences attached to the entries can ALSO be bookmarked and studied in the same way. Several search options via handwriting, radical, SKIP system, etc. Wild-card search is also possible. Searching by English or Japanese is possible, as well as searching via “romaji”. It also has an insane amount of Kanji entries, including animated diagrams for every. single. one.This is THE dictionary to have if you have iOS. Among everything I will introduce here, this is the one thing any iPhone user MUST buy IMHO.
Making out in Japanese Series 1
Making out in Japanese Series 2
These two books are full of casual phrases from first meetings to going out and partying to dating to having sex --quite graphic, at that-- to getting married and getting pregnant to meeting parents to breaking up. I mean what else are you learning Japanese for?? The kind of silly chapter order aside (the list in the previous sentence is pretty much the chapter order), the content is very good and very casual. This isn’t stuff you would say at work or with your boss, but with friends or romantic interests, people your (adult) age. It has the English on one side and romaji + kanji on the other. It also denotes what would be more suitable for a woman or man to say, as well as extra explanation on the nuance for many phrases (A classic being the marriage proposal “Would you mind making my miso-soup every morning?”) There are two books. I think the “more” making out in Japanese is a little more up-to-date, in not a little more liberal in its content. If you can find it around it’s fun to look at from time to time, and definitely helped me out in the beginning of my studies when I was tired of saying です、ます all the time.
A Dictionary of Japanese Grammar
Three very great dictionaries of grammar. It’s written in English with ample examples and explanation. The thing I like most is the vast majority of entries include a section of “related” grammar points that have the same general idea, but differ in nuance. It goes into impressive depth in describing the differences. The Basic and Intermediate one are indispensable I feel, not only because of the content but because of the appendices attached, explaining things like metaphors and newspaper grammar and compound words and counters, etc. The Advanced one, unlike the first two, uses examples from the real world as opposed to the author’s own writing, which gives them a little more weight. (These grammar points DO exist! haha). The other nice point of the Advanced one is that the reference list of entries in the back contains ALL the entries from all three books, with page numbers. There is also an English-meaning reference section where you can look up an English turn of phrase and see if there is a Japanese equivalent. Definitely recommended for anyone seriously learning Japanese.
日本語を楽しく読む本 (Fun Reading in Japanese)
I’m surprised I don't see these books mentioned here that often (or at all?) As the name suggests, they are work books that are made to make reading Japanese fun. Ideally they would be used in a class setting but can be used alone as well. The first book is short exercises and word puzzles, with the latter half becoming actual stories. The 2nd and 3rd book take existing texts and abridge them, and provide reading exercises and problems to solve based on the readings. (the unabridged forms of the texts are listed in the back of the book). The texts themselves are all fairly fun to read, and I credit these books as the main bridge for me between studying from textbooks to reading real books in Japanese. Absolutely highly recommend them to anyone interested in reading Japanese, but isn’t quiiite ready/confident to tackle a complete novel. They are written entirely in Japanese.
Japanese Stories w/ audio recordings
Hukumusume is a website full of kids stories and things that mostly a young girl would be interested in, but this page has a Japanese story for EVERYDAY OF THE YEAR, and most of them are accompanied with a reading or two. Most of them are relatively short, and it's great for a nice little break from "text" studying. The readers read the stories at a natural pace, so they are great to get a good feel of the rhythm of the language, as well as pick up a bunch of vocab!
New Penguin Parallel Text Japanese
This is the next book that I credit with me gaining courage to read complete Japanese novels. Parallel text means the left page is a translated English version of the right page, which is the original Japanese. They are all short stories of similar length but varying degrees of difficulty. The selection is excellent, and each story has a very unique atmosphere. The authors also range from famous people like Murakami Haruki and Yoshimoto Banana to those not quite known.
Kodansha's Kanji Learner's Dictionary
the kanji in this dictionary are ordered using the SKIP system, which is a way to order kanji based on their general structure and stroke-count. Pretty innovative. The kanji from grades 1-6 are denoted in red, and there are also many kanji from the name list as well. Each entry for the Joyo kanji has a stroke order. Each entry also has various words included that use said kanji. A nice thing about this dictionary is that it includes words that don’t START with that kanji, but simply include it. (some Japanese kanji dictionaries only include words that start with the kanji entry. Very limiting). The word lists are also divided up into the various meanings of the kanji. I know many dictionaries on phones now have all sorts of features like this, but I personally like the feel of a real book sometimes. It’s strictly vocab though, so there isn’t any help with the usages of the words listed. It can be useful in discovering different meanings of kanji, so you can figure out why 卒業 (graduation) and 脳卒中 (stroke) both have 卒. Or why 先週 means the previous week, but これから先 means something in the future.
Kodansha's Kanji Synonyms Guide
This is an interesting dictionary. It divides kanji up into groups (with English names), and then provides example vocab and and meanings about their subtle, or not so subtle, differences. I often find myself confused about words that when looked up in an Japanese-English dictionary have the same meanings (investigation, climate, temperature). This guide allows you to look up those key words and then see how the kanji used are different between usages (a criminal investigation, an investigation into a problem, simply searching for something, etc)
Ninjal online collocation search engine
This website is listed in Koichi’s article on Tofugu about what he uses to study Japanese. This website is insane. You type in a word and click to its page, and it searches a huge corpus of web pages for that word and divides and ranks them in different ways based on their usage and frequency. So you can type in a new word that maybe you’ve never seen before, like 乖離 for example, and see immediate that three idiomatic ways that 乖離 might be used is 乖離を埋める , 乖離が生じる and 現実の乖離. This is not to say that these are the only ways to use this word, but that through looking at a vast amount of examples, these types of usages occur time and time again, so they must be idiomatic. This website is exceptionally useful when you encounter a new word but aren’t sure how it is supposed to be used in normal language.
Monokakido's dictionary app (iPhone… sorry Android!)
This app is a parent app, through which you purchase the main content, the main content being DICTIONARIES. They have a plethora of dictionaries available.
I personally have bought 6 (some through sales): the Daijirin (standard massive J-J dictionary), Shinmeikai (J-J dictionary with “new” (i.e. somewhat more nuanced and or relatable) definitions to words, plus pitch-accent entries), Sanseido (Very simple definitions), Ruigigo (Japanese thesaurus), NHK Pitch Accent Dictionary (appendices are also very informative), and Sanseido’s Kobun Dictionary (able to also search for a Kobun word via “new” Japanese. Wowza). One amazing feature is that you can search a word via every dictionary you have purchased and swap through the different dictionaries very easily to compare entries. very nerdy indeed. If I would recommend anyone to anyone, it is the NHK Pitch accent one, and the Shinmeikai. The others I don’t use as much hahahaa…..
Nihongo Kentei Official Workbooks
Nihongo Kentei Official Practice Test
This test is made for Japanese natives. The Nihongo Kentei is a sister test of the much more known Kanji Kentei. Like the Kanji Kentei, it is separated into several difficulty levels, the lowest being 7, up to 1. While the Kanji Kentei is focused mainly on Kanji (stroke order, radical, reading, homonyms, etc), the Nihongo Kentei tests the examinees mastery of Japanese on a more general level. That being said, there is no listening, speaking, or writing portion. The test is like the JLPT in that it is largely multiple choice (though some questions ask the examinee to look at some word in context written in kana and change it to kanji, meaning physically writing the kanji). However, I think it’s not only more practical than the JLPT, it is also significantly harder because it tests many more aspects about Japanese, including correct Kanji usage in words and synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, as well as keigo and idioms. I read somewhere that Level 7 of the Nihongo Kentei would be JLPT3, and Level 4 would be JLPT 1 level, but they cannot be compared so readily. Nihongo Kentei Level 7 is made for 3rd grade elementary school level, and level 4 is for middle school graduates, while level 2 and 1 are for college graduates and professionals, respectively.
Nihongo Kentei Texts
These books are all in Japanese, and are in-depth looks at Japanese, with particular focus on the 6 areas (Kanji meaning, Kanji usage, Vocab breadth, Vocab meaning, Grammar, Keigo) that are tested in the tests. Frankly these are not necessary to buy. But they do have some interesting insight into Japanese as a language and it’s structure.
言葉の歳時記
This isn’t a study book, it’s just a regular book ahah. It’s a “devotional”, meaning there is an entry for each day of the year. The author is Kindaichi Haruhiko, a Japanese linguist from a linguist family. He is famous (?) for his anecdotal approach to writing about the language, so rather than saying “Japanese must be this” he often writes in a way that sounds like “isn’t it fascinating that some Japanese people say this, and others say that?” and really treats it as a living, morphing language. Each entry is 1 bunko-page long, and very often deals with some seasonal subject, or seasonal word. The topics range from Japanese festivals to various Japanese dialects to Japanese nature (birds and flowers are recurring themes), to musings about the connection between words. Not for beginner readers, but definitely an interesting read and every single time I read an entry I find out some new nugget of linguistic knowledge. Great for anyone interested in Japanese poetry, culture, anthropology, and linguistic
カタカナーシ
This is a card game. Each card has a numbered list of 6 katakana words on one side, and a random number of 1 to 6 on the back side. From the whole stack of cards the first player draws a card and looks at the list of Katakana words (not showing anyone else). The number on the back of the next card in the pile determines which katakana word the player will choose. The play must then describe, entirely in Japanese, the katakana word, WITHOUT USING ANY OTHER KATAKANA WORD AT ALL. so if you have モニター you cannot say “パソコン。コンピューター。スクリーン。テレビ。” and so on. The first person to guess correctly what the player is describing receives that card. The first player to collect 8 cards wins. There are also challenge cards, such as “in a rap-style” and “with no daku-on” (meaning, no sounds with the “ mark like がぎぐげご or the ° mark like ぱぴぷぺぽ) Very fun game and forces you to rely on your “true” Japanese knowledge.
舊漢字 (Kyuukanji)
This book deals with OLD KANJI. After WWII, the government was like “let’s make Kanji easier” so they simplified a ton of kanji to make them easier to teach. However, this means that any books you find that were printed right at that time and any time before will all be printed using at least some of these kanji. The book doesn’t cover every single kanji that was changed -- some where altered only by one stroke, or just the angle of the stroke -- but focuses on those that are fairly to significantly different than their new counterparts (ex 旧⇔舊 体⇔體 ). What’s more, just for kicks the author of the book included diagrams to aid in writing these older kanji. And to top it all off, the entire book is written using 歴史的仮名遣い, so you will see things like だらう and 思ふ. Each entry is two pages long, and most go into the structure of the kanji, and its origin. Essential for any kanji-nerd.
Z-KAI Kobun Series
Along my Japanese learning journey I found out about Kobun and decided to give it a go. Kobun is old Japanese. After researching a bit and purchasing a few workbooks on it, I think this is the best best for learning kobun from scratch. The texts are all in Japanese, as they are meant for high schoolers studying for college entrance exams. I actually started (and am still slowly working through) 古文上達 45, but plan to do the other two books soon. They are not related, though I believe starting with the 入門 or the 上達45 would be your best bet for learning. The merit with these is that each chapter introduces a very small grammar point or vocab list, and then immediately has the reader start reading Kobun. There are copious notes throughout each entry to aid in your reading, as well as exercises to guide you in your understanding of the text. The answer booklet attached has a complete translation of the text, as well as a summary, and some cultural points about the time period. I would not recommend this book to anyone not fairly confident in their Japanese reading ability, but is hands down the best thing out there to get your hands dirty with Kobun.
Z-KAI Kanbun Series
Inevitably, I also became interested in Kanbun. Kanbun is an old Japanese style that is written entirely in Kanji (so before hiragana/katakana). These are the only books I haven’t yet used that I am introducing, but like the Kobun books I introduced before, they introduce Kanbun and some history of it, then the first lessons introduces a foundational grammar point, then immediately has the reading tacking some real Kanbun. Again, it's just being lost for the first several chapters, but as one progresses through the lessons, and through re-reading the past entries, one becomes able to read the Kanbun confidently (or at least, I hope. It looks pretty dang similar to the Kobun one’s though so it should be okay)
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Anyway, I've been wanting to do this for a while because I'm a nut for Japanese learning materials and felt that these really helped me learn.
submitted by JetJerkJetJerk to LearnJapanese [link] [comments]

Monthly Report Part 2: April Prospective

Monthly Report Part 2: April Prospective

Disclaimer

This post is quite long. It is around 4783 words long with 27450 characters (excluding whitespace). At an average reading speed of 225 words per minute this would take you around 21 minutes (for reference this took me around four days (including time for research (though I wasn't solely working on this)). You don't need to read this in one sitting, but please do try and finish it, I think the material here is very important. Feel free to make suggestions or critique as desired.

This is Part 2 of my monthly report. You can find Part 1 here.

April Prospective

Targets

Before I go into my suggestions for bolstering the campaign this month, it is helpful to have targets so we know how well we have performed. Basically, this section seeks to answer the question: "where do we go?". Now, this is the first time I'm doing something like this, so the targets aren't really calibrated to anything. While possible, they may not be very feasible. So failing to achieve some of the targets is to be expected. I also plan to be quite ambitious in our targets — to be fair, we are participating in quite the ambitious project — so the risk of over achieving is negligible. After this month we'll have a better grasp of our capabilities, and next month's targets would be set within realistic bounds. That said, I'll list the targets with a brief description of the motivation behind them.

Twitter Followers
Reach more than 900K followers on Twitter. Growth last month was 160%. In contrast, Pete had a growth of 316% and given that we're already seriously lagging behind (10.6% market odds vs 4.7%, 2.3 polling vs 1.4, 39 vs 24 points) I want us to have comparable growth rates so we're not left behind. Now 900K is an absurdly high number, and we're not of to a good start as the blue rectangles in the below images show:
Statistics For the Past Fortnight
Daily Followers From Inception TIll Date

Reach 75K Subscribers on the Subreddit
Subreddit growth last month was insane, and I want to top that (> 500% growth from the 371% we enjoyed last month). I view this sub as basically an army to help bolster Yang's campaign, and the more members we have on here, the more impact we can have. 75K is also an amount that would allow us to pull off some impressive things, and to do so more reliably. I have plans to harness the fresh blood that I would detail later.

Reach 150K donors
This requires a rate of around 2k donors each day. It seems prima facie unlikely, but I want Yang to blow past his 200K target by the time the debates roll around. I would start tracking his donor count (and some other stats in this Google sheet). Suggestions for other statistics to monitor are appreciated.

Reach 10% Odds For Democratic Primary on Election Betting Odds
I want Yang to reach double digits odds (Pete is already there, and I'm salty dammit). I am worried at the widening gap between Pete and Yang, but I insist that it's just healthy competition. Reaching the double digits on prediction markets would help legitimise Yang, and would serve as an important milestone for us.

Rank At Least 2nd in Monthly Interest
Last month, Yang ranked 5th in monthly interest among the 12 major candidates. I want us to move up two positions. Beto's performance over the month was solid due to the phreak controversy — and being a teen edgelord — but his performance since then hasn't been as exceptional.

Comparisons of Positions 1 - 5 (via Election Betting Odds) of the 12 Major Candidates for the Period (27/03/2019 - 03/03/2019)
The above graph of weekly interest is likely more indicative of the trends for this month than the monthly interest graphs I posted previously. As we can see, Bernie has lost steam, Kamala remains at the bottom, and Beto is in the middle. Joe has blown past everybody with the buzz all his scandals are raising, so he may end up dominating the field. Pete has generally been strong without the interest being inflated by scandal.
If we don't surpass Bernie in interest this month, I would be surprised, so 4th is definitely doable. To get to third we need to surpass Beto, and given the windfalls we received this month, 3rd is also feasible. The real challenge is whether we can pull ahead of Buttigieg. Before yesterday, I didn't think we could (and set our target at 3rd), but given the windfalls we recently received, I'm willing to take a shot at it.

Resources

Now that we know, where we want to go, it's time to answer the question "what do we have?".

Media Buzz
April is going to be (and already is being) a wonderful month for us. Yang's fund raising stats (1.7 million and 80K+ donors) for last quarter gathered a few headlines, so we're already of to a good start.
Furthermore, Andrew is currently trying to release 40 policies in 40 days, and due to his unique brand, said policies have the potential to create what I call healthy controversy. And controversy sells like nothing else.

Interest for Quarter 1 2019 (Taken 04/04/2019)
The above graph shows that the circumcision controversy generated as much interest in Yang as the Joe Rogan episode (which has 2.6M views did). That's kind of amazing when you think about it. I think the circumcision was net positive as Yang didn't really lose any followers over it, and awareness about him was raised. Yang's main weakness right now is that no one knows him, so all publicity is helpful right now. Now Yang can't actually ride controversy to the White House like Trump did (the Democrat version of Trump is Alexandria Ocasio Cortez), but it's a relatively cheap way to gain publicity, and I wouldn't be surprised if more of his new policies bag headlines. As long as he doesn't propose something to far out of the Overton window (e.g decriminalisation/legalisation of consumption child pornography) I expect any controversy his policies generate to be net positive.

To top it off, we have the Humanity First tour this April which would generate yet more media buzz for Yang. This means we don't need to artificially manufacture interest in Yang, and can capitalise on the naturally occurring interest that he'll acrue this April. All the media articles on him are links that can be submitted to various appropriate subreddits to stimulate conversation about Yang. At this point, all publicity is helpful as many still haven't yet heard of him.

Scheduled Interviews

Another wonderful thing this month is that Yang has some few high profile scheduled interviews.

He's due to appear on Shapiro's Sunday Special which can get up to a few million views (Joe Rogan got 2.9M views (Ben's JRE experience got 12M views), Steven Crowder got 2M views, Jordan Peterson got 1.5M, Tucker Carlson got 872K and Sam Harris got 864K (these are the top 5)), so while Ben does not have as wide an audience as Joe Rogan (1.4M vs 5M subscribers), we can expect that Yang's interview would get at least a few 100K views and potentially over a million (Yang's JRE experience has 2.6M views). So the Shapiro interview wouldn't be a second JRE, but it would come damn well close (assuming that Yang's popularity with Shapiro's audience is the same as his popularity with the Joe Rogan's audience). At the very least, Yang's Shapiro interview would expose him and his ideas to hundreds of thousands of new people.
Apart from the Shapiro interview, Yang has an interview scheduled with Ali Velshi (who has 385.2K followers). The view count for Velshi I could find on YouTube was nothing impressive (highest was 118 K), but even for Rachel Maddow (who has 9.6M followers) I didn't find any video with up to a million views. I'm guessing this is because most of their viewers watch it on television. I couldn't find concrete data for how many viewers watch Velshi's program, but they consistently rate higher than whatever CNN has on for that time slot. So at the least I expect a few hundred thousand to watch that video (maybe a million if we're being optimistic) — but more importantly — Yang would be exposed to a very key demographic he has little (or poor) exposure to, boomers and gen x, especially those with a liberal bent (who would be key for the dem primaries). So I expect great things from the Velshi interview. (Well, I procrastinated enough on this, that the Veli interview has already happened, you can find it here).
To add more medals to his belt, it appears that Yang would appear in an upcoming VICE Special Report on automation and the future of work. This is potentially amazing, as HBO has 1.4M subscribers, VICE News 4.1M and Vice 10M — double what Rogan has — and their audience tends to lean left, so this would expose Yang to many more (I'm guessing hundreds of thousands perhaps a million+, but that seems too optimistic) liberals, further bolstering his popularity.
If the above wasn't enough, Yang delivers the coup de grace with his CNN Town Hall coming up on April 14th. It's scheduled at 8PM EST (an hour before the premiere of the final Game of Thrones season), and we've decided to make lemonade out of lemons.
There's going to be a massive wave of media coverage on Yang, and a few wonderful videos about him. This alone is enough for April to dwarf March growth wise.

A Unique Platform

Yang currently has 80+ policies on his site, and he's set to surpass 100 this month. While some of these policies are problematic (e.g automatically sunsetting old laws), many of his policies are amazing, and line up perfectly with the interests of several online communities (of which Reddit provides us convenient access to). Furthermore, Yang's plethora of policies set him apart from all other candidates on the field (perhaps only Elizabeth Warren is as (arguably even more so) concrete on policies as him, but in quantity she's outmatched). In addition to his many policies, Yang's de emphasis of identity politics, his data driven, evidence based policies, and the entire technocratic platform make him different if nothing else. Yang has perhaps the most unique platform of all the 2020 candidates, and we should capitalise on that.

Recommendations Going Forward

Now that we have clearly defined our goals for this month, and taking stock of our available resources, it's time to answer the question: "how do we get there?". There are many actions we could take that have positive expected value for the campaign, but they differ in effort required, magnitude of the impact, whether they require cooperation to be effective or if agents acting in isolation could apply it effectively, etc and which platform the action is to be taken on. To make for an easier read, I would try organising my recommendations according to the platform the action is to be taken on. There are a few platforms I'm not very familiar with (and as such I can't really make useful recommendations) I include them only for completion.
A lot of the suggestions I make have been influenced by others. When I am aware of the post that inspired me, I would try to link it, but (especially as I wrote this at a sprint) I may forget a few people. If you think a suggestion I made was inspired by you and you want credit for it, feel free to mention me in your comment with the suggestion you desire credit for (or PM me if you want more anonymity).
  • Meta Actions.
  • Reddit Actions.
  • Facebook Actions.
  • YouTube Actions.
  • Instagram Actions.
  • Tumblr Actions.
  • Miscelleanous.

Meta Actions

These actions wouldn't necessarily lead directly to increased campaign success, but they would create a stronger, more effective community which would be better suited to assist the campaign.

Join the Discord
Perhaps a selfish request, but I find Discord much more convenient for real time coordination. It's much more casual than Reddit as well, and would enable socialisation (which might improve cooperation). A lot of discussions happen in the Discord that don't happen on the sub, and besides, we have a bot that links all threads posted on the sub to the discord (even ones that haven't been approved yet). It's very easy, and strengthens the community to have a third place.

Build A Wiki
Debates tend to be repetitive, and a lot of the time the same points would get repeated by different people. If we try to engage Yang sceptics/antagonists, we'll find ourselves confronted with the same arguments. It would help to have a handy repository of relevant counterarguments. A wiki could serve that (We'd create a Yang FAQ/FC (frequent criticisms) as well as many other pages to serve various functions (guides to select Yang policies, some infographics, memes, etc. This would by no means be a small project). The projected size of the wiki means that we probably wouldn't be hosting it on Reddit. There's a preexisting FAQ by Alex Howlett on Medium, and u/AmericanTechno and I are working on one. My proposed FAQ/FC would be more broad than Alex's and would only grow over time. Ideally, the wiki would consolidate all existing FAQs and similar efforts into one project.

Regarding Upvoting
It has been brought to my attention that asking people for votes is vote manipulation and illegal on Reddit. There have been quite a few posts asking others to upvote certain or all posts (I'm a major culprit of this myself (though I've mostly been more subtle about it)). Apparently, we've managed to fly under the radar, but giving that the practice is illegal, I recommend that you stop explicit requests for others to upvote posts. First of all, it's not every post on the sub that should make it to the front page, and even if we organically get content to the front page, spamming the front page would get us banned from sending content to the front page which only harms us. Most attempts at reaching the front page would also fail given our subreddit's current size, the post approval process (posts are required to be manually approved by a moderator) and the fact that the vast majority of posts simply don't reach the front page. If we want to send pro Yang posts to the front page, in most cases we're better off trying our luck at larger subreddits.
My proposals are thus:
If you see a good pro Yang post on another sub you like, cross post it here. People should "support" pro Yang posts on other subreddits to give them better visibility and stimulate conversation around Yang. Pro Yang posts on other subs may otherwise languish into obscurity. If you see a good article on Yang on the internet, submit the link on another relevant subreddit, and crosspost it here so those interested can participate.
For posts on the sub that we want to reach the front page. We'll probably coordinate that over the Discord, and any such posts would be prefixed with [U] and scheduled to be posted when the sub is most busy (maybe the mods would pin it for increased visibility). Ideally, we shouldn't do this more than a couple of times a week as we don't want to spam the front page or (be perceived as spamming it).

Let's Move Past Other Candidates
There has been so much discussion about Pete on this sub. And so many complaints about that discussion, with some suggesting we move on. I tend to agree. I recently tried to reach a hand out to the Pete sub to make peace with them. Some of us may not like Pete, some of us may believe that he's an establishment hack, that he's not a true progressive that [insert negative opinion of Pete here], and some of us may have positive regard for Pete. Not everyone here is Yang or bust, and the raw hostility towards Pete may alienate some of our members. Furthermore, Pete is an asset for us, as most Pete supporters would be amenable to Yang's platform (Yang has more fleshed out policies regarding tackling automation). This enables targeted marketing as we can try to siphon Pete's supporters. If we go down this route — as we should — attacking Pete directly or mocking him would hurt our cause as it will trigger a defensive response in our prey and they'd be much harder to convince. Furthermore, this is by far the most popular Yang subreddit (we've even been linked in some newspaper articles about Yang), and do we want prospective Yang supporters coming here to see us bitching about another candidate?

Reddit Actions

Reddit is an amazing platform. It has 542 million monthly visitors and is the 6th most visited site in the US. Beyond just its reach, Reddit serves as a natural rallying point for many communities. Also, participation in this communities is generally free (unlike Facebook where many groups require moderator approval to join), and there's a front page which get exposed to the wider Reddit community. Communities on Reddit aren't completely cut off from each other, and reaching across communities is convenient. Honestly, Reddit is a goldmine for internet campaigning, and we can do a whole lot more with Reddit than we're currently doing.
For one, the Reddit front page is probably viewed by millions of people daily, and IIRC only a handful of Yang posts have ever made the front page. We'd like to raise that number significantly, but my suggestions for doing that were covered in the previous section on "Meta Actions" so I wouldn't repeat them here.

Apart from the front page, another way we can raise awareness of Yang and stimulate conversation about him is to post Yang articles on relevant subs, or start discussion about him on relevant subs (Yang has so many policies, that there are many subreddits we can promote Yang on). Most likely, our post would either generate some conversation (especially if we crosspost it to the sub to provide a boost) or get deleted (in which case the only cost is your time). On a rare occasion, you might get banned from the sub, so do take care (though if this happens it probably wasn't a sub you were active on, so how much of a loss you receive is up in the air). I find it very unlikely your account gets banned. I have been doing a lot of this, but I am only one person, and the impact I can have is limited. Further, if I am only seen to be shilling Yang, my credibility drops. My advice is to be careful and tactical with the Yang posts you submit, you don't want to create spam ((especially for self posts, maybe only one self post (or once in a while) on a sub) which would raise hostility towards Yang), and it would be best you weren't banned from the sub. Keep your submissions relevant to the sub guidelines, and crosspost them to this sub, so we can also participate in the discussion about Yang on the other sub.

Someone on this sub wrote a piece explaining why they support Yang, and why others on the sub might support him on one of the subreddits they were part of. It was a very organic piece and received a generally favourable response. When I saw it, I did a shout out to them and recommend more people follow in their footsteps. That still stands. If you decide to undertake such a post, keep in mind that it's generally a thing you'd do only once. I wouldn't give you any advice on what to write as you know your community best, and no what would speak to them.

TheYangGangBot is a bot which (currently, there are plans to expand the bot) scrapes Reddit and Twitter for threads containing Yang and posts it as a comment in a mega thread (a new one is created each day). I recommend that you follow the bot and try to follow up on the links in said threads. There are currently a lot of false positives, but most can be identified without clicking on the link (usually someone else sharing "Yang", but we do plan to improve the bot (if you want to contribute to bot development, find us on #development in the Discord)). Ideally, the mods would pin said threads, but there's a maximum of two threads that can be pinned at a time, and we may have other threads pinned.

There's some discussion about scraping reddit for a list of subreddits that might be receptive to Yang, but nothing has come out of that yet (if that changes, I'll keep you guys posted).

When participating in discussion about Yang, I recommend promoting this subreddit and his social media platforms. Here's a copypasta that I've been leaving on all Yang YouTube videos (and may start leaving on pro Yang Reddit threads and the comment sections of pro Yang articles):
You can explore his platform on: https://yang2020.com/policies.
Follow him on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/AndrewYang.
On Instagram at: https://www.instagram.com/andrewyang2020/.
His official Facebook page is: https://facebook.com/andrewyang2020.
His official YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCriIuQZpMi6gEt_2P7xKCww.
If you want to participate in the campaign, we have a growing subreddit over at: https://reddit.com/Yangforpresidenthq.
If you feel like donating to his campaign, you can do so here: https://secure.actblue.com/donate/redditforandrewyang or at https://yang2020.com/donate.

Facebook Actions

I'm not really a Facebook person, so not much advice here, however there are several Facebook groups, and the main one currently has more members than Reddit. I'll probably promote the Subreddit there. For those of you who are Americans (I can't view Yang's Facebook page, so I'm guessing it's only viewable to Americans) and haven't already, please like his official Facebook page.
Something that could be done is using Facebook (and other social media with statutes like WhatsApp) status to advertise Yang whenever we are having a Yang event (e.g the just concluded money bomb). A lot of Yang discussion probably happens on Facebook, so please participate more. More concrete suggestions would require me familiarising myself more with Facebook, but I am open to suggestions for improving our Facebook impact.

YouTube Actions

Someone suggested we make video guides to Yang's policies, and I think that's a nice idea, though the task is pretty nontrivial. For those of you creating other original video content good job, and please continue. Post it here, and we'll try to show some support.
If you haven't already, please subscribe to Yang's channel.
For every pro Yang video I find, I generally like it and comment with the copypasta above (if you see such comments please upvote to increase visibility). We're looking into having a bot auto comment on YouTube videos with the copypasta (ideally it would link it in a weekly YouTube megathread so we can upvote the comment to boost its visibility. Please like all pro Yang YouTube videos you see and post them on the subreddit (if they haven't already), tweeting it and/or sharing it on other social media would also be appreciated to increase visibility.

Instagram Actions

Similar to Facebook, I'm not an Instagram person, so suggestions are once again welcome. I guess following Yang's Instagram account and liking (and sharing if you think it's shareworthy) all his (and other pro Yang) content you find would be helpful. I'm not sure how much impact Instagram would have, but given that I don't use it, I'm not really in a position to judge.

Tumblr

Sadly, I'm not a Tumblr person either. That said, u/MGN18 has made a pro Yang Tumblr. For those of you who do use Tumblr (or are willing to create an account for the cause) please like, comment and reblog to signal boost it. Other suggestions are welcome.

Miscellaneous

Online Articles

For general news articles about Yang, if they have comment sections please engage (and post them on the subreddit so others can engage). Feel free to post the copypasta as well so we can direct more eyes to Yang.

Marketing Approach

There has been much talk of suppressing the memes, with the usual complaint being that they're pushing people away from Yang. I'd like to contend that it was the memes that personally drew me to this campaign, and I don't think I'm the only one (even if I was, I think I have had positive impact (and expect I would continue to contribute positively to the campaign)). Nevertheless, some people are pushed away by the memes and #YangGang. They perceive the campaign as non serious, Yang as a joke and don't want to be associated with such a low status endeavour. My response to those concerned about those people is the saying:
Different strokes for different folks.
There's no one super argument that can persuade everyone to support Yang. You can't expect the same approach to work for everyone. You're a sales person, Yang is the product, and non Yang supporters are the customers. Good sales people try to know their customer and customise their marketing to be more persuasive to that customer. For some people memes and "#NEETbux please" would do it. For others a thorough tour of Yang's platform is required. For other still, Yang's evidence based policies, and general technocratic stance is what is required. For others still, no argument would do it. This leads us to our next point.

Opportunity Costs

Not everyone is amenable to Yang. There are some people that no matter how much time you spend trying to convince them, they'll never be persuaded. It is clearly a waste of time trying to persuade them (as that time could be better expended trying to persuade others). Similarly, there are some people that are amenable to Yang, but for which the effort required to persuade them is not worth it. For example, if it takes you 10 hours of conversation to persuade someone, but for most other people it takes you only thirty minutes, then it seems that (unless the person you're persuading has exceptionally high expected (positive) impact on the campaign (if it takes you a month to persuade Barack Obama to support Andrew Yang, then please do so as the expected value of Obama's support is several orders of magnitude higher than the median)) persuading them was not worth it as you could have used that time to persuade others.
The central theme in the above is that of opportunity costs (otherwise known as "real costs"). Your time is valuable. The time you're using to persuade this person is time you could be using to persuade someone else. Time you spend in a particular activity is time you're not spending on other activities you could undertake. The aim is to maximise the impact you have on the campaign for time expended (maximise your efficiency so to speak). Now you're not a robot, so I don't expect that you literally maximise efficiency, just that you keep it in mind and know whwn to cut your losses.
The sunk costs fallacy means that humans are naturally loathe to cease expenditure of resources in a venture they've already invested much in, even when it makes no economic sense to continue. Falling prey to the sunk costs would lead to a lot of wasted resources (in this case, time). Before you get into protracted debates or discussions, I recommend you budget how much time you're willing to invest in persuading someone. If you can't persuade them within that time, civilly disengage. You may be bothered by appearing to lose the debates, but that's just your ego talking — ruthlessly suppress it. Your time is valuable, try to get the most value from your time while you undertake this campaign.


Critique, review, make suggestions, flame, etc. All feedback is welcome.
Whew
I'm glad I don't have to do this for another month.
I'm wondering if I should do weekly progress reports kind of like a minified version of this, to provide a shorter feedback loop? It would allow us to iterate faster enabling us to make changes to our strategy, adjust, etc much faster and grant greater flexibility. So I think it's a good idea, the main cons are that I would have to write this every week (and you would have to read it every week). I'm willing to take the sacrifice if that's what the people want, so please vote on this poll.
Remember, stay calm and focus on the money.
submitted by DragonGod2718 to YangForPresidentHQ [link] [comments]

March Prospective and April Retrospective

March Prospective and April Retrospective

Disclaimer

This post is quite long. It is around 4783 words long with 27450 characters (excluding whitespace). At an average reading speed of 225 words per minute this would take you around 21 minutes (for reference this took me around four days (including time for research (though I wasn't solely working on this)). You don't need to read this in one sitting, but please do try and finish it, I think the material here is very important. Feel free to make suggestions or critique as desired.

This is Part 2 of my monthly report. You can find Part 1 here.

April Prospective

Targets

Before I go into my suggestions for bolstering the campaign this month, it is helpful to have targets so we know how well we have performed. Basically, this section seeks to answer the question: "where do we go?". Now, this is the first time I'm doing something like this, so the targets aren't really calibrated to anything. While possible, they may not be very feasible. So failing to achieve some of the targets is to be expected. I also plan to be quite ambitious in our targets — to be fair, we are participating in quite the ambitious project — so the risk of over achieving is negligible. After this month we'll have a better grasp of our capabilities, and next month's targets would be set within realistic bounds. That said, I'll list the targets with a brief description of the motivation behind them.

Twitter Followers
Reach more than 900K followers on Twitter. Growth last month was 160%. In contrast, Pete had a growth of 316% and given that we're already seriously lagging behind (10.6% market odds vs 4.7%, 2.3 polling vs 1.4, 39 vs 24 points) I want us to have comparable growth rates so we're not left behind. Now 900K is an absurdly high number, and we're not of to a good start as the blue rectangles in the below images show:
Statistics For the Past Fortnight
Daily Followers From Inception TIll Date

Reach 75K Subscribers on the Subreddit
Subreddit growth last month was insane, and I want to top that (> 500% growth from the 371% we enjoyed last month). I view this sub as basically an army to help bolster Yang's campaign, and the more members we have on here, the more impact we can have. 75K is also an amount that would allow us to pull off some impressive things, and to do so more reliably. I have plans to harness the fresh blood that I would detail later.

Reach 150K donors
This requires a rate of around 2k donors each day. It seems prima facie unlikely, but I want Yang to blow past his 200K target by the time the debates roll around. I would start tracking his donor count (and some other stats in this Google sheet). Suggestions for other statistics to monitor are appreciated.

Reach 10% Odds For Democratic Primary on Election Betting Odds
I want Yang to reach double digits odds (Pete is already there, and I'm salty dammit). I am worried at the widening gap between Pete and Yang, but I insist that it's just healthy competition. Reaching the double digits on prediction markets would help legitimise Yang, and would serve as an important milestone for us.

Rank At Least 2nd in Monthly Interest
Last month, Yang ranked 5th in monthly interest among the 12 major candidates. I want us to move up two positions. Beto's performance over the month was solid due to the phreak controversy — and being a teen edgelord — but his performance since then hasn't been as exceptional.
Comparisons of Positions 1 - 5 (via Election Betting Odds) of the 12 Major Candidates for the Period (27/03/2019 - 03/03/2019)
The above graph of weekly interest is likely more indicative of the trends for this month than the monthly interest graphs I posted previously. As we can see, Bernie has lost steam, Kamala remains at the bottom, and Beto is in the middle. Joe has blown past everybody with the buzz all his scandals are raising, so he may end up dominating the field. Pete has generally been strong without the interest being inflated by scandal.
If we don't surpass Bernie in interest this month, I would be surprised, so 4th is definitely doable. To get to third we need to surpass Beto, and given the windfalls we received this month, 3rd is also feasible. The real challenge is whether we can pull ahead of Buttigieg. Before yesterday, I didn't think we could (and set our target at 3rd), but given the windfalls we recently received, I'm willing to take a shot at it.

Resources

Now that we know, where we want to go, it's time to answer the question "what do we have?".

Media Buzz
April is going to be (and already is being) a wonderful month for us. Yang's fund raising stats (1.7 million and 80K+ donors) for last quarter gathered a few headlines, so we're already of to a good start.
Furthermore, Andrew is currently trying to release 40 policies in 40 days, and due to his unique brand, said policies have the potential to create what I call healthy controversy. And controversy sells like nothing else:
Interest for Quarter 1 2019 (Taken 04/04/2019)
This updated graph shows that the circumcision controversy generated as much interest in Yang as the Joe Rogan episode (which has 2.6M views did). That's kind of amazing when you think about it. I think the circumcision was net positive as Yang didn't really lose any followers over it, and awareness about him was raised. Yang's main weakness right now is that no one knows him, so all publicity is helpful right now. Now Yang can't actually ride controversy to the White House like Trump did (the Democrat version of Trump is Alexandria Ocasio Cortez), but it's a relatively cheap way to gain publicity, and I wouldn't be surprised if more of his new policies bag headlines. As long as he doesn't propose something to far out of the Overton window (e.g decriminalisation/legalisation of consumption child pornography) I expect any controversy his policies generate to be net positive.

To top it off, we have the Humanity First tour this April which would generate yet more media buzz for Yang. This means we don't need to artificially manufacture interest in Yang, and can capitalise on the naturally occurring interest that he'll acrue this April. All the media articles on him are links that can be submitted to various appropriate subreddits to stimulate conversation about Yang. At this point, all publicity is helpful as many still haven't yet heard of him.

Scheduled Interviews

Another wonderful thing this month is that Yang has some few high profile scheduled interviews.

He's due to appear on Shapiro's Sunday Special which can get up to a few million views (Joe Rogan got 2.9M views (Ben's JRE experience got 12M views), Steven Crowder got 2M views, Jordan Peterson got 1.5M, Tucker Carlson got 872K and Sam Harris got 864K (these are the top 5)), so while Ben does not have as wide an audience as Joe Rogan (1.4M vs 5M subscribers), we can expect that Yang's interview would get at least a few 100K views and potentially over a million (Yang's JRE experience has 2.6M views). So the Shapiro interview wouldn't be a second JRE, but it would come damn well close (assuming that Yang's popularity with Shapiro's audience is the same as his popularity with the Joe Rogan's audience). At the very least, Yang's Shapiro interview would expose him and his ideas to hundreds of thousands of new people.
Apart from the Shapiro interview, Yang has an interview scheduled with Ali Velshi (who has 385.2K followers). The view count for Velshi I could find on YouTube was nothing impressive (highest was 118 K), but even for Rachel Maddow (who has 9.6M followers) I didn't find any video with up to a million views. I'm guessing this is because most of their viewers watch it on television. I couldn't find concrete data for how many viewers watch Velshi's program, but they consistently rate higher than whatever CNN has on for that time slot. So at the least I expect a few hundred thousand to watch that video (maybe a million if we're being optimistic) — but more importantly — Yang would be exposed to a very key demographic he has little (or poor) exposure to, boomers and gen x, especially those with a liberal bent (who would be key for the dem primaries). So I expect great things from the Velshi interview. (Well, I procrastinated enough on this, that the Veli interview has already happened, you can find it here).
To add more medals to his belt, it appears that Yang would appear in an upcoming VICE Special Report on automation and the future of work. This is potentially amazing, as HBO has 1.4M subscribers, VICE News 4.1M and Vice 10M — double what Rogan has — and their audience tends to lean left, so this would expose Yang to many more (I'm guessing hundreds of thousands perhaps a million+, but that seems too optimistic) liberals, further bolstering his popularity.
If the above wasn't enough, Yang delivers the coup de grace with his CNN Town Hall coming up on April 14th. It's scheduled at 8PM EST (an hour before the premiere of the final Game of Thrones season), and we've decided to make lemonade out of lemons.
There's going to be a massive wave of media coverage on Yang, and a few wonderful videos about him. This alone is enough for April to dwarf March growth wise.

A Unique Platform

Yang currently has 80+ policies on his site, and he's set to surpass 100 this month. While some of these policies are problematic (e.g automatically sunsetting old laws), many of his policies are amazing, and line up perfectly with the interests of several online communities (of which Reddit provides us convenient access to). Furthermore, Yang's plethora of policies set him apart from all other candidates on the field (perhaps only Elizabeth Warren is as (arguably even more so) concrete on policies as him, but in quantity she's outmatched). In addition to his many policies, Yang's de emphasis of identity politics, his data driven, evidence based policies, and the entire technocratic platform make him different if nothing else. Yang has perhaps the most unique platform of all the 2020 candidates, and we should capitalise on that.

Recommendations Going Forward

Now that we have clearly defined our goals for this month, and taking stock of our available resources, it's time to answer the question: "how do we get there?". There are many actions we could take that have positive expected value for the campaign, but they differ in effort required, magnitude of the impact, whether they require cooperation to be effective or if agents acting in isolation could apply it effectively, etc and which platform the action is to be taken on. To make for an easier read, I would try organising my recommendations according to the platform the action is to be taken on. There are a few platforms I'm not very familiar with (and as such I can't really make useful recommendations) I include them only for completion.
A lot of the suggestions I make have been influenced by others. When I am aware of the post that inspired me, I would try to link it, but (especially as I wrote this at a sprint) I may forget a few people. If you think a suggestion I made was inspired by you and you want credit for it, feel free to mention me in your comment with the suggestion you desire credit for (or PM me if you want more anonymity).
  • Meta Actions.
  • Reddit Actions.
  • Facebook Actions.
  • YouTube Actions.
  • Instagram Actions.
  • Tumblr Actions.
  • Miscelleanous.

Meta Actions

These actions wouldn't necessarily lead directly to increased campaign success, but they would create a stronger, more effective community which would be better suited to assist the campaign.

Join the Discord
Perhaps a selfish request, but I find Discord much more convenient for real time coordination. It's much more casual than Reddit as well, and would enable socialisation (which might improve cooperation). A lot of discussions happen in the Discord that don't happen on the sub, and besides, we have a bot that links all threads posted on the sub to the discord (even ones that haven't been approved yet). It's very easy, and strengthens the community to have a third place.

Build A Wiki
Debates tend to be repetitive, and a lot of the time the same points would get repeated by different people. If we try to engage Yang sceptics/antagonists, we'll find ourselves confronted with the same arguments. It would help to have a handy repository of relevant counterarguments. A wiki could serve that (We'd create a Yang FAQ/FC (frequent criticisms) as well as many other pages to serve various functions (guides to select Yang policies, some infographics, memes, etc. This would by no means be a small project). The projected size of the wiki means that we probably wouldn't be hosting it on Reddit. There's a preexisting FAQ by Alex Howlett on Medium, and u/AmericanTechno and I are working on one. My proposed FAQ/FC would be more broad than Alex's and would only grow over time. Ideally, the wiki would consolidate all existing FAQs and similar efforts into one project.

Regarding Upvoting
It has been brought to my attention that asking people for votes is vote manipulation and illegal on Reddit. There have been quite a few posts asking others to upvote certain or all posts (I'm a major culprit of this myself (though I've mostly been more subtle about it)). Apparently, we've managed to fly under the radar, but giving that the practice is illegal, I recommend that you stop explicit requests for others to upvote posts. First of all, it's not every post on the sub that should make it to the front page, and even if we organically get content to the front page, spamming the front page would get us banned from sending content to the front page which only harms us. Most attempts at reaching the front page would also fail given our subreddit's current size, the post approval process (posts are required to be manually approved by a moderator) and the fact that the vast majority of posts simply don't reach the front page. If we want to send pro Yang posts to the front page, in most cases we're better off trying our luck at larger subreddits.
My proposals are thus:
If you see a good pro Yang post on another sub you like, cross post it here. People should "support" pro Yang posts on other subreddits to give them better visibility and stimulate conversation around Yang. Pro Yang posts on other subs may otherwise languish into obscurity. If you see a good article on Yang on the internet, submit the link on another relevant subreddit, and crosspost it here so those interested can participate.
For posts on the sub that we want to reach the front page. We'll probably coordinate that over the Discord, and any such posts would be prefixed with [U] and scheduled to be posted when the sub is most busy (maybe the mods would pin it for increased visibility). Ideally, we shouldn't do this more than a couple of times a week as we don't want to spam the front page or (be perceived as spamming it).

Let's Move Past Other Candidates
There has been so much discussion about Pete on this sub. And so many complaints about that discussion, with some suggesting we move on. I tend to agree. I recently tried to reach a hand out to the Pete sub to make peace with them. Some of us may not like Pete, some of us may believe that he's an establishment hack, that he's not a true progressive that [insert negative opinion of Pete here], and some of us may have positive regard for Pete. Not everyone here is Yang or bust, and the raw hostility towards Pete may alienate some of our members. Furthermore, Pete is an asset for us, as most Pete supporters would be amenable to Yang's platform (Yang has more fleshed out policies regarding tackling automation). This enables targeted marketing as we can try to siphon Pete's supporters. If we go down this route — as we should — attacking Pete directly or mocking him would hurt our cause as it will trigger a defensive response in our prey and they'd be much harder to convince. Furthermore, this is by far the most popular Yang subreddit (we've even been linked in some newspaper articles about Yang), and do we want prospective Yang supporters coming here to see us bitching about another candidate?

Reddit Actions

Reddit is an amazing platform. It has 542 million monthly visitors and is the 6th most visited site in the US. Beyond just its reach, Reddit serves as a natural rallying point for many communities. Also, participation in this communities is generally free (unlike Facebook where many groups require moderator approval to join), and there's a front page which get exposed to the wider Reddit community. Communities on Reddit aren't completely cut off from each other, and reaching across communities is convenient. Honestly, Reddit is a goldmine for internet campaigning, and we can do a whole lot more with Reddit than we're currently doing.
For one, the Reddit front page is probably viewed by millions of people daily, and IIRC only a handful of Yang posts have ever made the front page. We'd like to raise that number significantly, but my suggestions for doing that were covered in the previous section on "Meta Actions" so I wouldn't repeat them here.

Apart from the front page, another way we can raise awareness of Yang and stimulate conversation about him is to post Yang articles on relevant subs, or start discussion about him on relevant subs (Yang has so many policies, that there are many subreddits we can promote Yang on). Most likely, our post would either generate some conversation (especially if we crosspost it to the sub to provide a boost) or get deleted (in which case the only cost is your time). On a rare occasion, you might get banned from the sub, so do take care (though if this happens it probably wasn't a sub you were active on, so how much of a loss you receive is up in the air). I find it very unlikely your account gets banned. I have been doing a lot of this, but I am only one person, and the impact I can have is limited. Further, if I am only seen to be shilling Yang, my credibility drops. My advice is to be careful and tactical with the Yang posts you submit, you don't want to create spam ((especially for self posts, maybe only one self post (or once in a while) on a sub) which would raise hostility towards Yang), and it would be best you weren't banned from the sub. Keep your submissions relevant to the sub guidelines, and crosspost them to this sub, so we can also participate in the discussion about Yang on the other sub.

Someone on this sub wrote a piece explaining why they support Yang, and why others on the sub might support him on one of the subreddits they were part of. It was a very organic piece and received a generally favourable response. When I saw it, I did a shout out to them and recommend more people follow in their footsteps. That still stands. If you decide to undertake such a post, keep in mind that it's generally a thing you'd do only once. I wouldn't give you any advice on what to write as you know your community best, and no what would speak to them.

TheYangGangBot is a bot which (currently, there are plans to expand the bot) scrapes Reddit and Twitter for threads containing Yang and posts it as a comment in a mega thread (a new one is created each day). I recommend that you follow the bot and try to follow up on the links in said threads. There are currently a lot of false positives, but most can be identified without clicking on the link (usually someone else sharing "Yang", but we do plan to improve the bot (if you want to contribute to bot development, find us on #development in the Discord)). Ideally, the mods would pin said threads, but there's a maximum of two threads that can be pinned at a time, and we may have other threads pinned.

There's some discussion about scraping reddit for a list of subreddits that might be receptive to Yang, but nothing has come out of that yet (if that changes, I'll keep you guys posted).

When participating in discussion about Yang, I recommend promoting this subreddit and his social media platforms. Here's a copypasta that I've been leaving on all Yang YouTube videos (and may start leaving on pro Yang Reddit threads and the comment sections of pro Yang articles):
You can explore his platform on: https://yang2020.com/policies.
Follow him on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/AndrewYang.
On Instagram at: https://www.instagram.com/andrewyang2020/.
His official Facebook page is: https://facebook.com/andrewyang2020.
His official YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCriIuQZpMi6gEt_2P7xKCww.
If you want to participate in the campaign, we have a growing subreddit over at: https://reddit.com/Yangforpresidenthq.
If you feel like donating to his campaign, you can do so here: https://secure.actblue.com/donate/redditforandrewyang or at https://yang2020.com/donate.

Facebook Actions

I'm not really a Facebook person, so not much advice here, however there are several Facebook groups, and the main one currently has more members than Reddit. I'll probably promote the Subreddit there. For those of you who are Americans (I can't view Yang's Facebook page, so I'm guessing it's only viewable to Americans) and haven't already, please like his official Facebook page.
Something that could be done is using Facebook (and other social media with statutes like WhatsApp) status to advertise Yang whenever we are having a Yang event (e.g the just concluded money bomb). A lot of Yang discussion probably happens on Facebook, so please participate more. More concrete suggestions would require me familiarising myself more with Facebook, but I am open to suggestions for improving our Facebook impact.

YouTube Actions

Someone suggested we make video guides to Yang's policies, and I think that's a nice idea, though the task is pretty nontrivial. For those of you creating other original video content good job, and please continue. Post it here, and we'll try to show some support.
If you haven't already, please subscribe to Yang's channel.
For every pro Yang video I find, I generally like it and comment with the copypasta above (if you see such comments please upvote to increase visibility). We're looking into having a bot auto comment on YouTube videos with the copypasta (ideally it would link it in a weekly YouTube megathread so we can upvote the comment to boost its visibility. Please like all pro Yang YouTube videos you see and post them on the subreddit (if they haven't already), tweeting it and/or sharing it on other social media would also be appreciated to increase visibility.

Instagram Actions

Similar to Facebook, I'm not an Instagram person, so suggestions are once again welcome. I guess following Yang's Instagram account and liking (and sharing if you think it's shareworthy) all his (and other pro Yang) content you find would be helpful. I'm not sure how much impact Instagram would have, but given that I don't use it, I'm not really in a position to judge.

Tumblr

Sadly, I'm not a Tumblr person either. That said, u/MGN18 has made a pro Yang Tumblr. For those of you who do use Tumblr (or are willing to create an account for the cause) please like, comment and reblog to signal boost it. Other suggestions are welcome.

Miscellaneous

Online Articles

For general news articles about Yang, if they have comment sections please engage (and post them on the subreddit so others can engage). Feel free to post the copypasta as well so we can direct more eyes to Yang.

Marketing Approach

There has been much talk of suppressing the memes, with the usual complaint being that they're pushing people away from Yang. I'd like to contend that it was the memes that personally drew me to this campaign, and I don't think I'm the only one (even if I was, I think I have had positive impact (and expect I would continue to contribute positively to the campaign)). Nevertheless, some people are pushed away by the memes and #YangGang. They perceive the campaign as non serious, Yang as a joke and don't want to be associated with such a low status endeavour. My response to those concerned about those people is the saying:
Different strokes for different folks.
There's no one super argument that can persuade everyone to support Yang. You can't expect the same approach to work for everyone. You're a sales person, Yang is the product, and non Yang supporters are the customers. Good sales people try to know their customer and customise their marketing to be more persuasive to that customer. For some people memes and "#NEETbux please" would do it. For others a thorough tour of Yang's platform is required. For other still, Yang's evidence based policies, and general technocratic stance is what is required. For others still, no argument would do it. This leads us to our next point.

Opportunity Costs

Not everyone is amenable to Yang. There are some people that no matter how much time you spend trying to convince them, they'll never be persuaded. It is clearly a waste of time trying to persuade them (as that time could be better expended trying to persuade others). Similarly, there are some people that are amenable to Yang, but for which the effort required to persuade them is not worth it. For example, if it takes you 10 hours of conversation to persuade someone, but for most other people it takes you only thirty minutes, then it seems that (unless the person you're persuading has exceptionally high expected (positive) impact on the campaign (if it takes you a month to persuade Barack Obama to support Andrew Yang, then please do so as the expected value of Obama's support is several orders of magnitude higher than the median)) persuading them was not worth it as you could have used that time to persuade others.
The central theme in the above is that of opportunity costs (otherwise known as "real costs"). Your time is valuable. The time you're using to persuade this person is time you could be using to persuade someone else. Time you spend in a particular activity is time you're not spending on other activities you could undertake. The aim is to maximise the impact you have on the campaign for time expended (maximise your efficiency so to speak). Now you're not a robot, so I don't expect that you literally maximise efficiency, just that you keep it in mind and know whwn to cut your losses.
The sunk costs fallacy means that humans are naturally loathe to cease expenditure of resources in a venture they've already invested much in, even when it makes no economic sense to continue. Falling prey to the sunk costs would lead to a lot of wasted resources (in this case, time). Before you get into protracted debates or discussions, I recommend you budget how much time you're willing to invest in persuading someone. If you can't persuade them within that time, civilly disengage. You may be bothered by appearing to lose the debates, but that's just your ego talking — ruthlessly suppress it. Your time is valuable, try to get the most value from your time while you undertake this campaign.


Critique, review, make suggestions, flame, etc. All feedback is welcome.
Whew
I'm glad I don't have to do this for another month.
I'm wondering if I should do weekly progress reports kind of like a minified version of this, to provide a shorter feedback loop? It would allow us to iterate faster enabling us to make changes to our strategy, adjust, etc much faster and grant greater flexibility. So I think it's a good idea, the main cons are that I would have to write this every week (and you would have to read it every week). I'm willing to take the sacrifice if that's what the people want, so please vote on this poll.
Remember, stay calm and focus on the money.
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Weekly Roundup | Random Chat | Notifications

News roundup for the previous week.
In International news
  1. China pledges $124bn to Silk Road initiative
  2. Himalayan Bromance: #Nepal, China Sign Cooperation Deal on Transportation. The memorandum seeks to strengthen cooperation in connectivity sectors including transit transport, logistic systems, transport network and related infrastructures development
  3. #Germany welcomes Chinese investment in financial firms: HNA's investment in Deutsche Bank, which it revealed last week had risen to just below 10 percent, comes at a time of heightened uncertainty for the bank. Chinese investors are also said to have shown some interest in the troubled HSH Nordbank
  4. China's Xi says Silk Road plan boosts finance, security ties
  5. Trump's Mixed Signals on South China Sea Worry Asian Allies
  6. #NewZealand Sentences Man That China Accused of Large-Scale Graft: Mr. Yan and two associates were previously ordered to pay $30 million in civil fines in New Zealand’s biggest-ever “forfeiture order,” officials said. Authorities said China and New Zealand would share those proceeds
  7. Putin: Belt and Road Initiative "an innovative approach"
  8. China needs to develop detailed Africa strategy
  9. China offers $500-M arms loan to Philippines
  10. Syria and China discuss means of boosting cultural cooperation
  11. Interpol to help promote security along Belt & Road
  12. China hit by cyber virus, Europe warns of more attacks
  13. Most Americans cannot find North Korea on a map: NYT
  14. Spouses of Belt and Road Forum Participate Leaders Visit Palace Museum
  15. Putin: We need to stop intimidating North Korea, find peaceful solution
  16. Xi says China willing to boost bilateral ties with Kenya to new stages
  17. "#Serbia and China are always on same side" - Vucic: "There are no problems in our economic and political relations, we are always on the same side, and when China has something to say, we are always on the side of China. We support one and united China, whatever one calls it," said Vucic
  18. Mexico warns U.S. of alternatives on trade, points to China
  19. US leadership in disarray, without cohesive international strategy, and will likely continue like this for 4 more years. Russia/China hacking of US election has served them well, and this strategy to rot democracy from inside out should continue. War is fought on many fronts.
  20. Iraqi refugee sentenced to 11 years for raping Chinese students in Germany
  21. B&R initiative to help fix problems caused by the West in Mideast
  22. Czech president pays respects to victims of Nanjing massacre
  23. China is ready to discuss Turkey's membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Chinese ambassador to Turkey said
  24. Philippines declines EU aid after securing billions from China
  25. China, UNICEF, UNFPA to deepen cooperation under B&R Initiative
  26. Russian political analyst Sergey Sanakoyev focused on the current level of the Moscow-Beijing ties which he said is already starting to look like an alliance
  27. Chinese state media says U.S. should take some blame for cyber attack: newspaper said that the role of the U.S. security apparatus in the attack should "instill greater urgency" in China's mission to replace foreign technology with its own
  28. Trump campaign set up secret communications With Russia, the agenda including "containing a more assertive China"
  29. Eurasia: it’s real, it’s happening and it’s the future.
  30. #Pakistan signs nearly $500 million in China deals at Silk Road summit
  31. #Nepal signs up to China's new Silk Road plan: The deal will see China plough money into Nepal for a series of projects including boosting its road network, power grid and a new railway connecting the capital Kathmandu with Lhasa in Tibet
  32. Why Chinese Everywhere Rallied for Vietnamese-American Passenger
  33. Viktor Orban Globalization and the new Silk Road
  34. #German towns count on 'red tourists' from China: The German city where Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818, is bracing for an onslaught of tourists from nominally-communist China as the 200th anniversary of his birth approaches
  35. #Putin: #Russia Will Actively Participate in 'One Belt, One Road' Initiative. All integration structures — both existing in Eurasia and newly formed — should rely on universal internationally recognized rules, and, of course, take into account the specific features of the national models
  36. China-led AIIB approves seven new members: The new members are Bahrain, Bolivia, Chile, Cyprus, Greece, Romania and Samoa, bringing the bank's total membership to 77 countries
  37. China’s Xi Jinping calls for greater counter-terrorism cooperation with Turkey
  38. Xi takes China on a great leap forward as rattled West falters
  39. China killed or jailed about 20 CIA sources after breach
  40. Killing #CIA Informants, China Crippled U.S. Spying Operations: starting in 2010, killing or imprisoning more than a dozen sources and crippling intelligence gathering. One was shot in front of his colleagues - a message to others. Chinese American left CIA before loses began
  41. Mauritania willing to take part in Belt and Road Initiative: president
  42. Chinese companies to build subway line in Kiev
In Domestic news
  1. The curious rise of the ‘white left’ as a Chinese internet insult
  2. Four Chinese government vessels — including one with what appeared to be a gun turret — entered Japanese territorial waters near a contested island group, the latest in a series of challenges to Japanese sovereignty in the East China Sea
  3. China Intensifies Controls on Search Engines and Online News Portals: qualification system for people working in online news. “Strike hard against online rumors, harmful information, fake news, news extortion, fake media and fake reporters. Strengthen and improve supervision over public opinion”
  4. In ancient city of Xi'an, China hopes to restart the Silk Road
  5. While the US is ramping up coal, China is suspending most of its new coal power plants
  6. Three Reasons to Believe in China's Renewable Energy Boom
  7. Chinese #Train Maker to Develop 400kph Track-Changing Locomotives to better facilitate rail transportation between regions that utilize different track types
  8. China quietly releases draft of tough new intelligence law
  9. How did #Hebei striker Ezequiel Lavezzi find himself at the centre of social media racism storm? Photos that showed him making a slant-eyed pose caused outrage on social media. Outraged users demanding Lavezzi be punished or even tossed out of the league
  10. China 'set to ban dog meat' at notorious Yulin festival
  11. China has succeeded in collecting samples of combustible ice in the South China Sea, a major breakthrough that may lead to a global energy revolution, Minister of Land and Resources Jiang Daming said.
  12. By 2020, every Chinese coal plant will be more efficient than every US coal plant
  13. China claims breakthrough in mining 'flammable ice' - BBC News
  14. CGTN - China clamps down on obscene content on online live streams.
  15. Apple may face backlash in China over demanding App Store cut on tips
  16. The Evolution of China's Metro Systems
In SciTech news
  1. Chinese baby dragon: the new feathered species of dinosaur: Beibeilong sinensis described as a gigantic bird-like dinosaur, covered in feathers and with a beak, but no teeth
  2. China simulates extended #moon stays amid space drive: volunteers would live in a "simulated space cabin" for between 60-200 days over the next year helping scientists understand what will be needed for humans to "remain on the moon in the medium and long terms"
  3. Silk Road member states invited to unite scientific potentials
  4. Chinese government (state owned bank) will merge deep AI with big data to manage Finances, investments. This is true innovation where it matters, on a scale and depth that is not possible in other countries.
  5. Wireless Vive TPCast Upgrade Kit Promo Trailer
  6. University of Science and Technology of China Scientists Achieve Direct Counterfactual Quantum Communication For The First Time. Direct counterfactual quantum communication relies on something other than quantum entanglement. Instead, it uses a phenomenon called the quantum Zeno effect
  7. #Qihoo360 cracks ransomware virus: Qihoo 360, a major internet security company in China, issued a software patch at 3 am on Sunday that can recover the data encrypted by the unidentified attackers. The software can operate without internet access, and customers do not need to pay for it
  8. Chinese Researchers achieve direct counterfactual quantum communication
  9. China state firms set up 150 billion yuan fund to invest in new technologies... It has began, state funded research just like what US did in the 60s vs all private funded research now
  10. Your Next Hot Gadget May Be Designed, Not Just Built, in China: As consumer electronics innovation goes through an awkward phase, some Chinese manufacturers are trying their hand at building the future
  11. Quantum Computing Arms Race Takes Shape as China, US, Russia Vie for Supremacy
  12. Commerce's Ross: China's plans threaten U.S. semiconductor dominance. "China has a $150 billion program to take that much further between now and 2025. That is scary."
  13. Chinese doctor grows leaves from 1,000-year-old seeds: The seeds were excavated from a Song dynasty (960-1279) relic soil-layer in Jiningfu, a historical site in eastern China's Shandong Province
  14. HTC Vive and Lenovo are developing standalone Daydream VR headsets: standalone headsets that have all the hardware you'd need built right in, without the need for a phone
  15. The new "Nature" study reports the crystal structure of the full-length human glucagon receptor (GCGR) that plays a key role in glucose homeostasis and serves as an important drug target for Type 2 diabetes.
  16. Researchers have successfully developed a novel method that allows for increased disease resistance in rice without decreasing yield. Duke University working in collaboration with Huazhong Agricultural University in China, in a paper published in journal Nature.
  17. China's mobile payment era: Costs and benefits: The popularity of mobile payments in China also shocked neighboring nation Japan, when an online post, recently published at a Japanese forum, stated a beggar even had to use the mobile payment QR code in China
In Economic news
  1. China capable of maintaining financial market stability: Premier Li
  2. China's art market is seeing signs of an 'obvious' warm up
  3. Cruises Boom as Millions of Chinese Take to the Seas
  4. Letter: U.S. innovation falling behind China
  5. China beats India to become the world's fastest growing aviation market
  6. Korean consumers keep buying Chinese cars: “Demands for the Kenbo 600 are very high. We are struggling to import enough cars to meet the rising demand,” a China-Korea Motor official
  7. Rosneft is prepared to offer Chinese partners additional opportunities to significantly expand cooperation in projects to develop prospective offshore oil and gas fields, the Russian oil major said on its website, citing CEO Igor Sechin's speech at the One Belt One Road forum in Beijing.
  8. China Sees Growing Number of Domestic Firms Investing in 'One Belt, One Road'
  9. Polish Radio teaming up with Shanghai Media Group
  10. If China Can Fund Infrastructure With Its Own Credit, So Can We: A key difference between China and the US is that the Chinese government owns the majority of its banks.
  11. China Inc is run by modern strategic sun tzu. Comac to acquire IP from bombardier without acquiring them.
  12. The Rise of China's New Economy Titans in Seven Simple Charts
  13. Three Wharton Dealmakers Bet Their Future on Chinese #Trucking: Richard Zhang, Richard Peng and Richard Ji. Their company Truck Alliance Inc., known as Huochebang or truck gang in Chinese, is trying to bring the smartphone age to a trillion-dollar industry
  14. China remains biggest investor in Germany for third consecutive year
  15. Apple Reportedly Facing Trouble Over Tipping on Chinese Apps
  16. Does a foreign manager know how to be successful in China? Foreign companies personnel: First preference is local candidates who are bilingual and have experience in multinational corporations. Second choice is for Chinese returnees with experience of studying and working abroad
  17. Xiaomi: China players like Xiaomi, Oppo may dominate overall handset space this quarter
  18. Xinhua Insight: Light of Hope: Chinese officials mobilized for grassroots poverty relief
In Military news
  1. What Makes New Chinese Sea-Skimming Combat Drone Perfect for South China Sea: the drone could be used even if airstrips are destroyed. It is designed to deliver strikes at large surface targets, can be used for rapid torpedo attacks at long distances and will be useful for isolating maritime areas
  2. 'China Has Achieved Irreversible Shift in Balance of Power in South China Sea'
  3. Chinese jets intercept US aircraft over East China Sea, US says - BBC News
  4. While the U.S. Is Distracted, Beijing Is Winning the Battle to Control the South China Sea
  5. #SaudiArabia ’s First Domestic Long-distance #UAV (Saqr 1) Fires Only Chinese-made Missiles and Bombs
  6. Army life: more gay-friendly in China than United States or Britain? China’s treatment of homosexuality differs from the West in that it is a passive intolerance, rather than an active one. China has tended not to encourage violence against homosexuals nor to force them to “mend their ways”
Other Notables
  1. Chinese President Xi greets delegates at Belt and Road Forum banquet
  2. Chinese President Pledges Shared Prosperity, Common Community at BRF Banquet
  3. Policeman stop traffic with car to guide elderly walker
  4. Is debt really 250% of China's GDP?
  5. Aerial view of China-Europe freight train terminal in Wuhan
  6. 兰芳 - Overseas chinese created the first modern republic
  7. best china edm not just good - YouTube
  8. 周杰倫 Jay Chou【紅塵客棧 Hong-Chen-Ke-Zhan】Official MV
  9. India's shuai jiao baba (Wrestle! dad) to Upset 'Guardians of the galaxy's at china box office
  10. Bingtian Su wins the Men's 100m - IAAF Diamond League Shanghai 2017
  11. Has the mantle of global leadership passed from the US to China?
  12. Qingdao in the spotlight: Hollywood descends on China's east coast city
  13. Yanqi Lake雁栖湖航拍4K高清
  14. Young Chinese Moms Break with Tradition: Cindy Chen was raised a "princess" in a home with no siblings. In her first two years of marriage, she hardly did any housework because she never had to do any growing up. But since the birth of a son last year, Chen has had to change her way of thinking
  15. RandyTheFool gives insight into how Chinese business ethic has effected the American move to Chinese manufacturing
  16. Chinese mother who refused to give up disabled son nurtures him all the way to Harvard
  17. ‘In The Name of the People’ Draws 6.4 Billion Views on iQiyi
  18. ‘Aquaman’: ‘Power Rangers’ Star #LudiLin Joins Jason Momoa In #DC Comics Pic. Chinese actor Ludi Lin, who recently starred as the Black Ranger in Liongate’s Power Rangers reboot, has landed the role of Murk in Warner Bros’ James Wan-directed DC superhero film Aquaman
  19. Li Hongzhi's cult hogwash
  20. TIL, That so called Chinese Humanitarian Intellectual and Civil Rights Activist, Liu Xiaobo, on top of criticizing China's government is also a believer in the racial inferiority of Chinese people.
  21. The Silk Road Economic Belt - Chinese development strategy to build a global infrastructure network [3708x2811]
  22. DJI - Goggles - See the World Take Flight
  23. Shanghai street style is exploding – from Wang Lili to Timothy Parent, meet the people who are shaping the scene
  24. Chinese Defending Offensive Words for Asians? 最常见的用来歧视中国人的言论
  25. China and world cooperation
  26. Bedridden Grandma in China Abandoned by Her Kids, Kind Neighbors Step in to Help
  27. Kung Fu Monk Uses the Might of His Penis to Pull 18-Ton Bus
  28. Delving into the Huaihe River area’s developing astro-tourism: #Xuyi's national park, the Tieshan Temple Park, is surrounded by protected green areas. Zijinshan Observatory stations, one of the most important observation centers in the country, is located there as well
  29. Disney Teams Up With China’s Jiaxing Media To Develop Live-Action Movies
  30. Paper War 纸片战记
  31. CFI Interview: 'Power Rangers' Actor Ludi Lin
  32. First Footage of Blockbuster Chinese Action Film ‘Operation Red Sea’
  33. How are Chinese People Treated in the US? 中国崛起: 华人在美国地位?
  34. Alibaba's Jack Ma wishes employees to have more children
  35. How to Build a Fast Food Empire on a Single Recipe
  36. Everything You Think You Know About Coal in China Is Wrong - Center for American Progress
  37. China Widens its Silk Road to the World. "Let’s cut to the chase. China’s new ‘Silk Road’ initiative is the only large-scale, multilateral development project that the 21st century has seen so far. There is no counter-offer from the West. Which is why..."
  38. Lebanese Christian reporter Jenan Moussa sends people to infiltrate and shoot video of Uyghur TIP occupied area in Syria, ethnically cleansed of its Syrian Arab Alawite and Syrian Arab Christian inhabitants by Uyghur terrorists
  39. LuHan鹿晗_On Call_Official Music Video
  40. GT editorial: It’s high time to give Tsai an ultimatum
  41. #ClimateChange: Unsinkable #Shanghai - Shanghai Project, a collaboration of science and art whose second installation, Seeds of Time, focuses on climate change. Joining Chinese artists and scholars are the likes of US physicist Peter Galison and French social philosopher Bruno Latour
  42. Trump, Confucius, and China’s Vision
  43. E18 Frying Fish on hand in office. You know I do everthing to cook | Cooking in Office
  44. The man who helped prevent a nuclear crisis
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Where to Buy Almost Anything

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In my opinion, unless you're a total introvert, agoraphobic, disabled or too lazy to leave the house, your best bet to buy most things you need is locally.
Go to the Yellow Pages, read your local newspapers, drive around the shopping areas, go to local freenet websites (craigslist.org, kijiji.ca) and talk to people you know about what you need.
I generally buy most of my stuff from the big department stores but if I need something like furniture, I'll check out the furniture stores on the poor side of the town because the prices for the same goods are often much cheaper than a store in the higher class part of town plus you can often haggle with the owner on a cash deal.
There is lot of stuff on craigslist, kijiji, backpage, etc. Sometimes you can get furniture for free. Somebody buys a new couch and wants to get rid of the old one so they put a freebie ad up online.
As far as technology goes, there are lots of deals on used computers on craigslist. Just turn it on first to see that it works and get the password for it.
By shopping on the poor side of town at supermarkets for food, you can often save several dollars on a load of groceries. Walmart is big on groceries now. I buy my stuff there and it’s cheap compared to the regular grocery supermarket.
I generally go to the thrift stores once a year to buy t-shirts, clothes and anything else that strikes my fancy as I look around. If you feel embarrassed, just put on some old clothes and go on a rainy day. Nobody really cares, everybody's in the same boat. Why would a sane person spend $20 or more for a t-shirt when you can get good ones from one to three dollars at a thrift store? And if you’re a chick who wants cool clothes without spending an arm and a leg, they got tons of clothes there.
If you’re a knick-knack shopper, check out the classified ads in the local newspapers and the internet ad websites for people selling things through estate sales, storage locker sales, auctions, flea markets, yard sales, bargain sales by stores, trade shows, crafts fairs, etc.
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